Water features have a beautifying effect on the residential gardens and garden ponds are one of the most stylish water features for your backyard. You may design a garden pond in a small backyard or in the middle of a sprawling lawn. This comes as a big boon for the owners of small homes in Singapore. The presence of a conventional garden pond helps you design a cleaner environment. It aids in the spread of aquatic plant and wildlife and maintains the balance of your garden ecosystem. You enjoy the privilege of designing a relaxing space – a sanctuary of peace – on your own backyard.
Presence of garden water features has a cooling effect on the environment. This is especially useful for the long and difficult months of the summertime. If you design a swimming pond, you enjoy the dual pleasures of having a splash in the water and then relaxing by the side of your beautiful lily pond. The aquatic shell fishes, that are born naturally in the pond water,loosen up the top most layer of the soil and enrich it with calcium and nitrogen after a period of time. This in turn helps your other plants to thrive and create a lush green garden for you.
It is best to take suggestions from a landscape architect and design a stylish garden pond in a suitable corner of your backyard. However, if you love working in such projects all by yourself, then you are also welcome to try your hand. Don’t forget to seek expert supervision when in the need. Choose a spot which receives a fair amount of sunlight. Don’t build a pond directly under a big tree. You will have a difficult time cleaning it. Measure the space and select a design for your pond. You may opt for a standard rectangular pond design.
Start excavating the soil. Make it at least a couple of feet deep. The deepest part should be in the middle of the pond. Design a gentle slope from the edges to the midpoint of the water body. Remove rough stones, brick or concrete blocks from the cavity. Cover the base with pond liner. You may choose between EPDM, butyl, polyethylene and inexpensive PVC liners. Cover the edges with river bed pebbles. Install a pump in one side of the water body in case you wish to add a small fountain. On the other side, place the water filter. Hire an expert plumber to do the plumbing work.
Cover the liner with a layer of gravel and sand. Collect rain water, fountain water or water from a well and pour it in the pond. Chlorinated water is not suitable for this purpose. Complete the decoration of the pond by strategically placing herbs and aquatic flowers in it. If you are planning to design a fish pond, you may also introduce colourful fishes at this stage.
Build a pond in a sunny spot of your garden. Backyard water features need sunlight to maintain the health of the aquatic plants. Don’t build a pond too close to large trees. The withered leaves and twigs will cover the upper layer of the pond every day giving you a difficult time in maintaining it. Weeds tend to thrive in the fallen leaves and branches of trees. So they may seriously hamper the health and wellbeing of your garden plants.
Try not to build the pond close to the electrical fixtures such as electric generators and outer units of the air conditioners. The vibration created by these electrical fixtures tends to drive away aquatic fauna. Birds, which often frequent this part of your garden, tend to dislike the magnetic field created by these electrical appliances and fixtures. Build a waterbody on the highest spot of the garden with a sturdy drainage system. This will prevent rain water running into the pond from other parts of the garden.
Your pond needs a combination of aquatic plants for a healthy and balanced ecosystem. Choose between bog plants, deep water plants and floating plants to decorate your garden. Water lilies are one of the most coveted aquatic plants. Their presence helps you design a picturesque setting for your house. Choose between Nymphaea colorata, Nymphaea thermanum and Nymphaea alba. These are relatively hardy type of plants and thrive in the climate of Singapore.
Floating plants like pennywort, floating arum and water mint will add life to the water body. Water cabbage or Pistia stratiotes and water velvet or Azolla caroliniana are two floating plants that grow rapidly. They are particularly useful for a koi pond as fishes tend to love their presence. Floating heart is a seasonal flower. But you may like their charming faces covering the entire expanse of your garden pond in the season.
Goldfishes are one of the most common varieties of fishes for the backyard water features. Their presence is supposed to bring prosperity in the life of the homeowner. They tend to grow rapidly so you may wish to have them in a newly built garden pond. Koi carps are a staple of the koi ponds. Don’t fill more than a quarter of your water body with koi carps. They have a slower growth rate than the goldfishes, but they grow for a longer period – up to four decades. Shubunkin is another beautiful fish which you may introduce in your pond. It is a very hardy type of fish.
Remove dead leaves, twigs and other kind of debris from the surface of the water every day. Use a skimmer for this task. Use organic fertilisers that are not harmful to the plants and fishes. Add dechlorinating chemicals to the water if you use tap water to fill in the pond. Have plants like water weed to check the growth of algae. In the winter months, add low quantity of fish food to the water. Fishes lose some their power of metabolism in cold climate. Overfeeding may actually kill them in the winter months.