While most of us in Singapore don’t have the space for a garden in the
traditional sense, we are still able to craft smart, creative and
beautiful garden spaces that ensure we don’t lose all touch with
nature. So, whether you’ve got a patio, a balcony or even a larger
space to work with, the most important thing to consider is which
style of garden you want to go for and how you ultimately want it to
look. One of the easiest ways to determine this is to choose a
specific style or theme and copy other designs from that discipline
while adding your own personal touches.
types of gardens are there?
speaking, there are about five types of gardens to choose from that
are realistic to most homes and apartments in Singapore. Whether
you’re taking by European style, an Asian angle, an Arabic look, a
traditional, colonial garden, a good old lawn or a mix of everything
in between, taking a look at the space you have to work with and
determining what can be implemented is the first step to take.
of installation: $2000 - $4500 (Depending on size)
known as the English landscape garden or landscape park, this style
of garden first appeared in the 18th century and was actually
inspired by the landscape paintings of French artists Claude Lorrain
and Nicolas Poussin. These gardens usually require a bit of space as
they include lakes, green lawns and pieces of delicate architecture
such as wooden or metal benches, tables and chairs.
of installation: $1000 - $3000 (Depending on size and features
Coming to the fore in the late 15th century, as the name
of the style would suggest, the Italian Renaissance garden first
emerged in the villas of Rome and Florence. The style was inspired by
an adherence to classic ideas of beauty and was intended to be an art
piece within itself, or something that people enjoyed gazing upon
while contemplating. Sounds and smells were also considered
important. Over time this style has become a bit larger and more
symmetrical and if you’re hoping to achieve if, be sure to include
fountains, statues, grottoes and stone features.
of installation: $1500 - 5000 (Depending on number of elements and
particularly popular choice in Singapore is the Japanese garden, as
the overall Japanese aesthetic and philosophical way of living
appeals to us culturally and stylistically. Japanese gardens tend to
be low on ornaments, focussing rather on the appreciation of the
natural elements themselves. Contemplation is central to this style,
as each element should lead us to question ourselves about life, time
and existence in general. In general, all Japanese gardens should
feature water, rocks and sand, garden bridges, trees and flowers,
stone lanterns and water basins and when possible fish such as carp.
$1500 - $5000 (Depending on size and items purchased)
style in general appeared between 1851 and 1900, when the culture,
art and style of Japan became a topic of interest throughout the
United Kingdom. The famous English writer Oscar Wilde stated that
Europe was undergoing a “fascination of all Japanese work,” and
this, of course, included the garden. Anglo-Japanese gardens
basically appear as a mashup of the traditional English garden and
the traditional Japanese style, so you’ll likely see sprawling
green lawns combined with small wooden structures and bonsai plants.
$1000 - $5000 (depending on size and items included)
or Iranian gardens have a range of influences from southern Spain to
India and tend to be defined by an enclosed space. The purpose is not
only to be beautiful but to serve spirituality and leisure in the
name of a paradise on earth. There are two approaches you can take to
Persian garden construction, the formal which is based on structure
or the casual which is based on nature. Whichever path you take, the
balance of practicality and emotion are vital and all elements
included are based around sunlight, with textures and shapes designed
to harness it. Because Iran is typically a dry, hot country, shade is
also important with trees, trellises, pavilions and walls ensuring
ample cool-off areas.
$200 - $2000 (depending on size and how many items need to be
with the Colonial period of the United States, this style and the
concept of “revival” is about reinventing the look that defined
many gardens during this time period. You’re likely to find
rectilinear beds, straight pathways (unlike the winding look more
typical in an English garden) and plants that produce fruit such as
apple trees or lemon bushes. Although ornamental flowers and
vegetable patches can also be found. The garden itself is usually
enclosed by a hedge or low wall, creating an overall suburban look.
The price advantage here is that there aren’t a lot of ornaments,
but because of the high density and variety of plants, it can be time
consuming on upkeep.
$200 - $1500
classic, simple and ever-appealing lawn garden is a popular choice
because it looks neat, clean and beautiful and is also a low
maintenance option. Defined by a patch, large or small, of simple
green grass, a lawn garden can be exactly that. Sometimes they are
“pimped” up a little bit with flower patches or hedging but are
usually kept pretty simple.
kind of garden should I design if my space is small?
relevant to many of us in Singapore is the design and implementation
of small gardens or gardens tailored to fit the spaces we have to
work with. If you have a very small patio, terrace or balcony or even
no outdoor space all all there are still a myriad of options.
a veranda or balcony into a little green oasis is a great way to
bring some nature into apartment living. To design the space nicely,
try to stick to a theme (Japanese, English etc.) and make sure you
choose plants that you can keep alive based on how much light the
space receives Some smart options include:
with vines. Price $20 - 200
green wall/roof. Price $200 - $2000
herb garden in a large pot. Price $10 - 100
small lawn for the floor. Price $50 - $500
collection of pot plants. Price $50 - $1000
cactus/succulent family. Price $50 - $1000
mini Japanese garden with stones and bonsai trees. Price $100 -
those who don’t have any outdoor space at all, there is the option
of creating an indoor space or a green area inside. This might come
in the form of including lots of pot plants, the installation of a
green wall or even the creation of an indoor garden. Make sure you
don’t go overboard and that you choose plants that can actually
stay alive inside and with minimal sunlight, such as succulents,
cactus’, Chinese money plants, aleo plants, ferns and some palms.
a green wall. Price $200 - $500
lots of pot plants. Price $100 - $1000
a cactus/succulent feature table. Price $50 - $200
an old ladder as a plant shelf. Price $10 - $100
hanging plants from the roof or curtain rods. Price $50 - $300
of a part of the floor as a plant hallway. Price $100 - $500
and Tricks for your garden
can I keep my plants and flowers alive for a long time?
keep our plants and flowers alive we need to make sure that their
environment is appropriate for them to live and thrive in the first
plants/flowers according to the amount of sunlight they can receive.
If you opt for plants that need constant light and place them in the
shade, they will die, just as if you plant breeds that need shade in
the right soil - there are a range of soil types to choose from but
typical “gardening soil” will likely do the trick. If you repot
a plant or place it in the ground, it’s best to secure it with
adequate, fresh soil to help it adapt to its new environment.
the correct size pots and repot when plants get too big. If a plant
is growing too big, don’t let it continue until it breaks the pot,
either move it into a new, bigger pot or cut it down to size.
plants the right amount of water. Each different type of plant you
have will come complete with a unique watering plan that it
requires. It might seem overwhelming but if you put a few minutes
into researching the individual needs, it will become habit before
do I keep my garden safe from pests?
deterrence of pests there are two paths you can take, the natural or
the chemical. It’s always best to try natural solutions first as
they are better for the environment and won’t harm your garden as
much as chemical solutions. Make sure you really need to take this
course of action in the first place however, as there’s no need to
harm insects and “pests” if they aren’t causing any damage.
Also, if your flowers are attracting bees we recommend to leave them
be as these insects are incredibly important for the ecosystem and
usually don’t cause any damage. Here are some solutions you can mix
up yourself at home and with relative ease.
one to two tablespoons of liquid soap (preferably plant-based) with
approximately one litre of water, pour the mixture into a spray
bottle and spray where needed/where the insects are appearing.
a bunch of roots and spices that have a strong scent, such as
cayenne, ginger, garlic, onion, mint or bay leaves, boil them and
leave them overnight to soak. Strain out any solid parts the next
morning so that you’re left with only liquid and mix it with the
insecticidal soap. Again, pour the mixture into a spray bottle and
spray where needed. You can also use a garlic variation, in which
you forget all other herbs/spices and use 1-2 heads of garlic
might personally find the smell of coffee pleasant and energising,
but insects have quite an aversion to it. To create this concoction,
take a mix of herbs such as thyme, lavender and catnip and mix them
with two tablespoons of ground coffee and two cups of water. Mix it
up and allow it to sit for at least 24 hours before straining it
into a liquid and using it in the spray bottle.